The chances are that you’ve heard that hard water is bad for your scalp and hair, but most of us don’t take that idea into consideration very much, even while we may be experiencing damaged hair or a dry, itchy scalp. We try countless varieties of shampoos, conditioners, and specialized hair treatments, and for some reason, nothing seems to help.
Well, if that sounds like your personal experience, it’s time to check out your water itself. Dry scalp due to hard water can be a problem for many people, because having hard water is fairly common.
Aside from being somewhat frustrating (and even annoying), hard water can actually cause regular damage to your scalp by drying it out, leading to itching, flaking, etc. Of course, it can also cause problems for your hair, which no one wants to have to deal with.
Here, we’ll dive into a few things most people don’t know about hard water in association with dry scalp, and we’ll talk about a few helpful solutions you may not know about, either, so you can fight back against hard water, and a dried out scalp.
Reasons for Dry Scalp Due to Hard Water
- What Is Hard Water, Anyway?
To understand how prominent hard water is throughout the world, use the United States as an example: At least 85% of water used by consumers in the U.S. can be classified as hard water to some degree, so it’s no wonder we have scalp struggles no matter where we live.
Rainwater that comes from the sky actually isn’t classified as hard water. In fact, washing your hair with rainwater can be a solution, and it’s actually been known to soften hair. But, rainwater isn’t always readily available to everyone, and it’s likely you don’t want to wait around to have to wash your hair whenever it rains.
So, if our water supply from the sky isn’t technically hard water, how does water ‘become’ hardened? As it hits the ground, it soaks into the earth through rocks, dirt, and minerals. It actually can dissolve some of these minerals, like calcium and magnesium, along the way, so it begins to carry the minerals with it wherever it flows. As the mineral content continues to increase, the water becomes harder and harder.
Don’t be alarmed by the minerals – they are natural, and not necessarily harmful. Actually, calcium can be beneficial in other ways, but in this particular fashion, it creates a buildup, and that’s not something you’ll want to have to deal with on your scalp. While these minerals cannot hurt you in any way, they can certainly make things difficult when it comes to the overall health of your scalp, and the moisture allowed to reach it through the hair follicles.
- How Does Hard Water Affect the Scalp?
Hard water has been known to be a problem for skin and hair alike for a long time – it can even cause eczema of the skin, so it’s no surprise that the minerals in the water can cause dryness and itching of the scalp. Even using certain soaps and shampoos with hard water can cause more problems, because the chemicals within the shampoos can react with the minerals, and leave a sort of ‘soap film’ on your scalp, which can lead to even more itching.
Essentially, it’s a mineral reaction with your skin that causes the dryness. Calcium can build up over time, and magnesium can actually take away moisture from your skin. Think about it – when you’re in the shower, water is typically falling directly onto your head, so your scalp is really taking the brunt of it. That can cause more dryness and itching for your scalp than any other place on the body.
- How Does Calcium Affect the Scalp
Calcium is considered an oxidizer, meaning it builds up and adds oxygen. This might not sound like a bad thing, but it can really affect your scalp and hair negatively. Calcium that builds up on your hair can weigh it down, and dry it out. That dryness will eventually reach your scalp.
The actual calcium salts that build up on the scalp are what causes the dry, itchy feeling, and can actually cause a lot of flaking to occur, as well. When calcium reaches the scalp and builds up, it can actually also stop hair from growing on the scalp, and stop new hair from growing, as well.
- How Does Magnesium Affect the Scalp?
Magnesium is another oxidizer that water brings in from the soil in the ground. Like calcium, it can dry out the hair and scalp, but it is quicker than calcium to go directly to the scalp, affecting hair follicles from growing and thriving, which can lead to quite a bit of flaking.
- It’s a Good Idea to Find Out If You Have Hard Water
If you consistently suffer with a dry scalp, one of the first things you should do is see if your house has hard water. You might already be able to see telltale signs, like rust spots forming around the drain of your shower, or darker lines around your toilet bowl.
But, you can determine the actual hardness of your water by calling your city officials. Your local water department should be able to do a test to determine the hardness in your actual water.
- Soften Your Water for A Healthy Scalp
A water softener is ultimately the best way to eliminate hard water in your home, though they can be quite expensive units if you don’t already have one installed. However, the benefits can certainly outweigh the cost. If you’re experiencing hair problems, eczema, or dry scalp, a water softener will remove the calcium, magnesium, and other minerals that can build up.
- Alternative to a Water Softener
Another option that can really help with hard water on your scalp is buying a water filter for your shower. These are considerably less expensive, and typically just attach to your showerhead with minimal installation.
While this won’t remove the hard water issue throughout your home, it will filter the minerals in the shower from coming through the water, so they won’t reach your body.
- There Are Specialized Shampoos for Hard Water
Some standard shampoos can actually have an even more negative affect on your hair and scalp when they react with the minerals in hard water, so try to choose a clarifying shampoo. It can help to remove the minerals from your hair every time, fighting back against them reaching your scalp, and causing more problems. However, clarifying shampoos can actually be somewhat harsh on your hair, since they strip a lot of things away, so it’s important to use them sparingly, whenever you’re experiencing dryness of the scalp.
- Rinse with Vinegar to Fight Buildup
A vinegar rinse can help to fight back against the calcium and magnesium buildup on your hair and scalp. Simply mix in one tablespoon of vinegar with about three cups of water, and massage the mixture into your hair. Let it set for about ten minutes, and then rinse away. The vinegar will help to balance the pH of your hair, reducing flaking and itchiness overall, and leaving your hair feeling smooth and silky, and your scalp refreshed.
- A Leave-In Conditioner Can Provide Lasting Results
If hard water is really a problem for your hair and scalp, you may need to choose a leave-in conditioner that can work with your hair throughout the day. While it won’t remove the buildup, most leave-in conditioners contain natural oils, like argan, jojoba, or almond oil. These can help to seal in moisture throughout your hair and scalp, reducing itching, dryness, and flaking overall.
As you can see, hard water is virtually everywhere, and while there are ways to practically eliminate the effects of it, they can get costly. The best thing you can do to fight back against it, especially when it comes to the overall health of your hair and scalp, is to do what you can to soften the water (through a softener or filter), or regularly treat your scalp to fight back against the problems that can come from the minerals in the water.
Whether you use a vinegar rinse, a special shampoo, or a leave-in conditioner, you’ll likely notice a difference in the look and feel of your hair, and the dryness and itching/flaking of your scalp. Having hard water doesn’t have to mean the absolute worst for your scalp’s health, as long as you’re willing to take a few extra steps to understand how to treat it.